Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine https://jbscim.com/index.php/jbsm <p>The “<strong><em>Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine</em></strong>” (JBSM) is an international open access journal in English published quarterly. The aim of JBSM is to publish rapid and peer reviewed original research articles, scientific reports, review and mini-reviews in the developing and interdisciplinary field of biological, environmental and medical sciences. We welcome original research papers covering all aspects of modern biology for publication in our journal. Aspiring young scientists, medical professionals and researchers especially in the field of biology, biomedicine, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, forestry, biotechnology etc., are wholeheartedly encouraged to submit their valuable contributions.</p> <p>Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine welcomes original, unpublished research papers which includes critical analysis of any aspect of all subjects from the faculty members, graduate students, independent researchers, and writers from all over the world. The scope of the journal is wide open to the International arena.</p> Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine en-US Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine 2455-5266 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See&nbsp;<a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html" target="_new">The Effect of Open Access</a>).</li> </ol> Histopathology of hepatopancreas of freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio collected from the River Ganga at Allahabad, India https://jbscim.com/index.php/jbsm/article/view/116 <p>The River Ganga receives pollutants from domestic, agricultural and industrial sources which could affect the health of inhabitants. Present investigation clearly revealed histopathological alterations in the hepatopancreas of freshwater teleost (<em>Cyprinus carpio</em>) inhabiting River Ganga at two different geographical sites viz. Phaphamau and Mawaiya of Allahabad. Reduced pancreatic tissues, pancreatic necrosis and clear vacuolization at the junction of hepatic and pancreatic tissues were some of the drastic alterations evident in histoarchitecture of the pancreas. Fish from the Mawaiya site revealed more severe alterations compared to Phaphamau. Histopathological lesions revealed in present study are similar to those observed in the laboratory exposures of fishes to specific pollutants. The observed alterations-could affect the vital physiological functions, such as absorption, storage and secretion of the hepatopancreas.</p> Anil Kumar Ojha Surya Prakash Pandey Ashish Kumar Mishra ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-03-31 2019-03-31 5 1 Significance of medicinal plants against typhoid fever: Possible mechanism, effectiveness and outcomes https://jbscim.com/index.php/jbsm/article/view/105 <p>Typhoid fever one of the most severe bacterial disease have affected millions over the decades. It usually being treated with the administration of antibiotics as well as homeopathic medicines and traditional medicines which includes several medicinal plants. Such use of antibiotics against <em>Salmonella typhi</em> has increased the danger of increasing resistance of it against used antibiotics and thus decreasing the chances of its treatment in future. Homeopathic medicines prepared from several medicinal plants have been reported to be very effective against the <em>S. typhi</em> and its variants, thus have increased the chances of its treatment. Pharmacological profile of such medicinal plants extracts is still widely unknown and need further research. Moreover, all so far used medicinal plants, required pharmacological screening for their effectiveness against the effects of <em>S. typhi</em>.</p> Anand Singh Pavan Kumar Rashmi Srivastava ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2018-09-30 2018-09-30 5 1