In-vitro probiotic properties of four Lactobacillus plantarum strains for African catfish aquaculture

  • Daniel Olusegun Diyaolu Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology, Federal university of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
  • Fatuyi Olanipekun Ekundayo Department of Microbiology, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
  • Olabode Thomas Adebayo Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
  • Emmanuel Adedayo Fasakin Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture Technology, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria


In vitro evaluation of microorganisms intended for use as probiotics is essential to understand their potential beneficial properties before being subjected to time-consuming and costly in vivo experiments. This study therefore, examined some in vitro probiotic effects of four strains of Lactobacillus plantarum. Evaluated in-vitro effects were considered to be important for African catfish farming, including haemolysis, antibacterial and enzymatic (amylase and endoglucanate) activities. Examined strains were initially isolated from fermented maize, sorghum, soybeans and cassava with accession numbers LC333558, LC333559, LC333560 and LC333561 respectively. The results showed that except for low acid tolerance by LC333561 (strain from fermented cassava), the four strains of L. plantarum examined in this study were not found to be pathogenic, but possessed antibacterial and enzymatic activities with slight variations among the strains.


Adeyemo SM, Onilude AA (2013) Enzymatic Reduction of Anti-nutritional Factors in Fermenting Soybeans by Lactobacillus plantarum isolates from Fermenting Cereals. Nigerian Food Journal 31(2):84-90

Azevedo RVD, Braga LSGT (2012) Use of Probiotics in Aquaculture. In: Probiotic in Animals (P. E. Rigobelo, ed.), In Tech. pp. 103-118

Bernfeld P (1955) Amylase α and β, In: Methods in Enzymology (Colowick SP, Kaplan NO, ed.), Academic Press Inc, New York, 1:149-158

Dada AA, Akinwande AA (2004) Growth performance of Heteroclarias fed maggot meal at varying inclusion levels. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON) (19):7–10

Díaz-Rosales P, Arijo S, Chabrillón M, Alarcón FJ, Tapia-Paniagua ST, Martínez-Manzanares E, Balebona MC, Moriñigo MA (2009) Effects of two closely related probiotics on respiratory burst activity of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis, Kaup) phagocytes, and protection against Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida. Aquaculture 293:16-21

Fagbenro OA, Adeparusi EO, Fapohunda, OO (2003) Feedstuffs and dietary substitution for farmed fish in Nigeria. In A. Eyo, ed. Proceedings of the Joint Fisheries Society of Nigeria/National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research/FAO – National Special Programme for Food Security National Workshop on Fish Feed Development and Feeding Practices in Aquaculture. National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research, New Bussa, 15–19 September 2003, pp. 60–72

Fagbenro OA (2004) Soybean meal replacement by roquette (Eruca sativa Miller) seed meal as protein feedstuff in diets for African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) fingerlings. Aquaculture Research 35:917–923

Fasakin EA, Balogun AM & Ajayi OO (2003) Evaluation of full-fat and defatted maggot meals in the feeding of clariid catfish Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. Aquaculture Research 34(9):733–738

Georgieva R, Iliev I, Chipeva VA, Dimitonova SP, Samelis J, Danova S (2008) Identification and in-vitro characterization of Lactobacillus plantarum strains from artisanal Bulgarian white brined cheeses. Journal of Basic Microbiology 48:234-244

Giraffa G, Chanishvili N, Widyastuti Y (2010) Importance of lactobacilli in food and feed biotechnology. Research in Microbiology 161: 480-487

Ghose TK (1987) Measurement of cellulase activities. Pure and Applied Chemistry 59 (2): 257-268

Gómez-Conde MS, García J, Chamorro S, Eiras P, Rebollar PG, Pérez de Rozas A, Badiola I, de Blas C, Carabaño R (2007) Neutral detergent-soluble fiber improves gut barrier function in twenty-five-day-old weaned rabbits. Journal of Animal Science 85 (12): 3313-3321

Hlophe SN, Moyo NAG, Ncube I (2014) Postprandial changes in pH and enzyme activity from the stomach and intestines of Tilapia rendalli (Boulenger, 1897), Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) and Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) Journal of Applied Ichthyology 30 (1):35-41

Irianto A, Austin B (2002) Use of probiotics to control furunculosis in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Journal of Fish Diseases 25:333-342

Kesarcodi-Watson A, Kaspar H, Lategan MJ, Gibson L (2008) Probiotics in aquaculture: the need, principles and mechanisms of action and screening processes. Aquaculture 274: 1-14

Kolkorsk S (2001) Digestive enzymes in fish larvae and juveniles – implications to formulated diets. Aquaculture 200:181-201

Kozaric Z, Kuzir S, Petrinec Z, Gjurcevic E, Opacuk A (2006). Histochemical distribution of digestive enzymes in intestine of goldline (Sarpa salpa L. 1758). J. Appl. Ichthyol. 22:43-48

Luxananil P, Promchai R, Wanasen S, Kamdee S, Thepkasikul P, Plengvidhya V, Visessanguan W, Valyasevi R. (2009) Monitoring Lactobacillus plantarum BCC 9546 starter culture during fermentation of Nham, a traditional Thai pork sausage. Int J Food Microbiol., 129 (3):312-315

Mathara JM, Schillinger U, Kutima PM, Mbugua SK, Guigas C, Franz C, Holzapfel WH (2008) Functional properties of Lactobacillus plantarum strains isolated from Maasai traditional fermented milk products in Kenya. Current Microbiology 56:315-321

Moriarty DJW (1998) Control of luminous Vibrio species in penaeid aquaculture ponds. Aquaculture 164:351-358

Munoz-Atienza E, Gomez-Sala B, Araujo C, Campanero C, del Campo R, Hernandez P, Herranz C, Cintas L (2013) Antimicrobial activity, antibiotic susceptibility and virulence factors of Lactic Acid Bacteria of aquatic origin intended for use as probiotics in aquaculture. BMC Microbiology 13 (15)

Nwanna LC, Tope-Jegede H (2017) Effects of dietary Lactobicillus plantarum on the growth, carcass quality, and immune response of African Catfish Clarias gariepinus challenged with Salmonella Typhi. Journal of Applied Aquaculture 29 (1): 62-80

Ogunshe AO, Olabode PO (2009) Antimicrobial potentials of indigenous Lactobacillus strains on gram-negative indicator bacterial species from Clarias gariepinu (Burchell.): microbial inhibition of fish-borne pathogens. African Journal of Microbiology Research 3(2):870-876

Plengvidhya V, Breidt F, Lu Z, Fleming HP (2007) DNA fingerprinting of lactic acid bacteria in sauerkraut fermentations. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73 (23):7697-7702

Prado S, Romalde JL, Barja JL (2010) Review of probiotics for use in bivalve hatcheries. Veterinary Microbiology 145:187-197

Ray AK, Ghosh K, Ringø E (2012) Enzyme-producing bacteria isolated from fish gut – a review. Aquaculture Nutrition 18 (5):465-492

Sanders ME (2003) Probiotics: considerations for human health. Nutr Rev 61:91-99

Sanz A, Llcorente JI, Furne M, Ostos – Gamido MV, Garmona R, Domezain A, Hidalgo MC (2011) Digestive enzymes during ontogeny of the sturgeon Acipenser naccarii: Intestine and Pancreas development. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 27:1139-1146

Siezen RJ, van Hylckama Vieg JE (2011) Genomic diversity and versatility of Lactobacillus plantarum, a natural metabolic engineer. Proceeding of the 10th Symposium on Lactic Acid Bacterium, Microbial Cell Factories 10 (Suppl 1):S3

Tuohy KM, Rouzaud GC, Bruck WM, Gibson GR (2005) Modulation of the human gut microflora towards improved health using prebiotics-assessment of efficacy. Curr Pharm Des 11:75-90

Vankerckhoven V, Huys G, Vancanneyt M, Vael C, Klare I, Romond MB, Entenza JM, Moreillon P, Wind RD, Knol J, Wiertz E, Pot B, Vaughan EE, Kahlmeter G, Goossens H (2008) Bio-safety assessment of probiotics used for human consumption: recommendations from the EU-PROSAFE project. Trends in Food Science & Technology 19 (2):102-114

Vine NG, Leukes WD, Kaiser H (2004) In vitro growth characteristics of five candidate aquaculture probiotics and two fish pathogens grown in fish intestinal mucus. FEMS Microbiology Letters 231:145-152

Wakil SM, Onilude AA (2009) Microbiological and chemical changes during production of malted and fermented cereal-legume weaning foods. Advances in Food Sciences 31: 139-145

Wang Y, Xu Z, Xia M (2005) The effectiveness of commercial probiotics in northern white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei L.) ponds. Fisheries Science 71: 1034-1039
How to Cite
Diyaolu, D., Ekundayo, F., Adebayo, O. and Fasakin, E. 2018. In-vitro probiotic properties of four Lactobacillus plantarum strains for African catfish aquaculture. Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine. 4, 2 (Jun. 2018), 1-8.
Research Articles