Prevalence of infant mortality among children of the Todapur-Dasghara village, Delhi, India
Mortality means finally death and the condition of being susceptible to death. It is generally used to indicate the end of life or death. Infant mortality is defined as the death of children under the age of one year. Infant mortality rate is the death of children under the age of one year per 1000 live births. The death of children due to mortality may be used as a symbol of public health condition of those countries. As a result of these, children mortality effect also on the entire population disturbance. There are many factors that affect the child infant mortality like race and ethnicity, sanitation, culture, life style, education etc. The present study aimed to study the demographic profile of Todapur and Dasghara women and children in Delhi. The data were collected from Jat and Yadav dominated villages in different months of the year 2013-2014 from 900 households. The main focus of the interview was the ever-married women in the reproductive age group of 15 to 55 years and their children. The data was collected through interviews and observations. Data on reproductive history, vital events, family planning etc. was collected. The results revealed that 38.6% of people are original inhabitants of Todapur, 17.4% from Dasghara and the rest from Bihar state. The age at marriage is low that is 15 years. More than 5.3% of the women in the age group of 15 to 19 years have ever had a child. This is the cause of reproductive wastage. The crude death rate of the people of Todapur-Dasghara is 7.26 per 1000. The infant mortality rate is 26.6 per 1000 live births. This study looks into the reasons for infant mortality, which would help to control or further reduce infant mortality in future.
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