Potential of Helianthus annuus for phytoremediation of multiple pollutants in the environment: A Review
The development of various industrial contaminants especially heavy metals poses a severe environmental threat. Heavy metals are continuously polluting the ecosystem and these are harmful to the human being and other biota of the ecosystem. Phytoremediation is a cost-effective method for remediation of the polluted soil and water. The review represents the status of this technique with special emphasis on phytaccumulation of the multi-pollutants like heavy metals, hydrocarbons and other pollutants using Helianthus annuus, a hyperaccumulator plant. Various mechanisms are known for absorption and transportation of heavy metals inside the plant body through metal binding proteins viz. metallotheiones, phytochelatins and antioxidant enzymes which enhance the accumulation of metal. Microbial association with plants also plays a significant role in the enhancement of remediation of these pollutants and employ of genetic engineering also enhances the phytoaccumulation of heavy metals.
Adler T (1996) Botanical cleanup crews: Using plants to tackle polluted water and soil (phytoremediation). Science News (Washington, DC) 150(3):42-43
Adriano DC (1986) Trace elements in the terrestrial-environment. Springer-Verlag, New York.
Ahmad MS, Ashraf M, Hussain M (2011) Phytotoxic effects of nickel on yield and concentration of macro-and micro-nutrients in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) achenes. J Hazard Mat 185(2-3):1295-303
Alves JD, Souza AP, PÃ´rto ML, Fontes RL, Arruda J, Marques LF (2016) Potential of sunflower, castor bean, common buckwheat and vetiver as lead phytoaccumulators. RevistaBrasileira de EngenhariaAgrÃcola e Ambiental 20(3):243-249
Angelova VR, Ivanova RV, Ivanov KI, Perifanova-Nemska MN, Uzunova GI (2016) Potential of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) for phytoremediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals. World J Sci Eng Technol 10:1-1
Aziz AA, Mabrouk Y, Essa E, El-Metainy Ay, Abou-Youssef Ay (2008) Genetic aspects of heavy metals phytoremediation abilities of sunflower plants. Egyptian J Genet Cytol 37(1)
Bert PF, Jounan DT, De Labrouhe F, Serre PN, Vear F (2002) Comparative genetic analysis of quantitative traits in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) 1. QTL involved in resistance to Selerotinia sclerotiorum and Diaporthe helianthi. Theor Appl Genet105:985-993
Bhargava P, Dutta S (2014) Impact of explosive industry effluents on soil quality parameters and heavy metal load - A study of RECL (Rajasthan Explosive and Chemical Limited) Dholpur, Rajasthan, India. Inter Res J Environ Sci 3(11):32-35
Copyright (c) 2018 Chauhan and Mathur
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).