Assessment of the putative effects of Oral Contraceptives on Gingival tissues

Sumedha Mohan, Vivek Govila, Sabuhi Qureshi, Ashish Saini, Chandra Prabha, Abhaya Gupta

Abstract


The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of oral contraceptives on gingival tissues, correlating the clinical parameters observed with the total duration of continuous oral contraceptive intake. Twenty-five women oral contraceptives users and non- oral contraceptive users were included in the test & control group respectively. Clinical parameters investigated included gingival index (GI), gingival bleeding index (GBI) and plaque index (PI). Contraceptive users (n=25) and non-users (n=25) had similar oral hygiene levels; yet the contraceptive users had a significantly higher level of gingival inflammation, com- pared to the non-users (p, 0.001; one-way ANOVA). Gingival Index and Gingival Bleeding Index scores were higher in the test group when compared to the controls suggesting an exaggerated expression of gingival inflammation. The negative correlation between Plaque Index and Gingival Bleeding Index supports that above findings are independent of the plaque accumulation.


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