Algal Biodiversity in relation with Water Quality criterion of River Kshipra

Shivi Bhasin, Arvind N Shukla, Sharad Shrivastava

Abstract


Freshwater algae show an ability to tolerate wide range of environmental conditions and grow naturally in mixed community including many species and genera. The present study sheds some light on algal diversity in Kshipra River with relation to water quality, anthropogenic activities and its health impacts. The algal community of river Kshipra was represented by 32 genera belonging to 9 species of Cyanophyceae, 10 species of Cholorophyceae, 10 species of Bacillariophyceae and two species of Dinophyceae. The algal population was found to be maximum during summers, where high BOD, COD, turbidity and minimum DO was reported; meanwhile minimum algal diversity was recorded during monsoon with a comparatively low BOD, COD, turbidity high DO and unstable ecosystem. The values of Plamer’s Index ranged from 10-31, indicating a high level of organic pollution. The increased level of organic pollution, temperature, nutrient concentration, anthropogenic activities and water volume of the River directly influences the presence and growth of algae to great extent, which in turn also affects human health.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrego D, Willis BL, van Oppen MJH (2012) Impact of Light and Temperature on the Uptake of Algal Symbionts by Coral Juveniles. Voolstra CR, ed. PLoS ONE 7(11):e50311

Acharya R, Saify T, Sharma B, Gautam R (2016) Relationship Analysis between Phytoplankton Diversity and Water Quality of Lower Lake of Bhopal. Asian J Water Environ Poll 12(4):83-6

Bhasin S, Shukla AN, Shrivastava S (2015) Observation on Pseudomonas Diversity from a Tropical- River Kshipra MP, India. European J Acad Essays 2(6): 39-48

Bhatnagar M, Bharadwaj N (2013) Biodiversity of algal flora in river Chambal at Kota, Rajasthan. Nature Environ Pollution Tech (12)3:547-549

Bruun K (2010) Algae can function as indicators of water pollution. Walpa 16: 37-45

Burkholder JM, Tomasko DA, Touchette BW (2007) Seagrasses and eutrophication. J Exp Marine Biol Eco 350(1-2):46-72

Cattaneo A, Kerimian T, Roberge M, Marfy J (1997) Periphyton distribution and abundance on substrated of different size along a gradient of stream trophy. Hydrobiologia 354:101-110

Chandelkar PR, Shukla AN, Shrivastava S, Gupta BD (2003) Distribution of phytoplankton in relation to Environmental parameters in Kanhan River, Dist. Chindwara (MP) Plant Archives 3(2): 231-235

Carmichael WW (1981) The water Environment Algal Toxins and Health. Plenun Press, New-York. USA

Chakraborty D, Konar SK (2000) Studies on the hydrobiology of river Damodar from Ranigang region (west Bengal) with reference to phytoplankton. Indian J. Environ Ecoplan 3(3): 385-490

DesikacharyTV (1959) Cyanophyta ICAR India, monographs on Algae no. 2, 686

Dutta N.C. Mandal N. Bandyopadhyay BK (1983) Diagonal variations in physicochemical factors and Zooplankton in surface niche of two fresh water fish ponds. Biol Bull 5(3): 236-243

Fritsch FE (1935) The structure of reproduction of Algae, Volume 1 Cambridge University Press, London, 791

Hafiz BZ, Pandit KA, Javaid SA (2014) Phytoplankton community of river Jhelum in Kashmir Himalaya. J Environ Sci Technol 7: 326-336

Hamaidi-Chergui F, Brahim Errahmani M, Benouaklil F, Hamaidi MS (2013) Preliminary study on physico-chemical parameters and phytoplankton of Chiffa River (Blida, Algeria). J Ecosyst 2013:1-9

Hutchinson GE (1967) A treatise on Limnology Vol. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA

Jin X, Jin M, Sheng L (2014) Three dimensional quantitative structure–toxicity relationship modeling and prediction of acute toxicity for organic contaminants to algae. Computers Biol Med 51:205-13

Köhler J (1997) Measurement of in situ growth rates of phytoplankton under conditions of simulated turbulence. J Plankton Res 19 (7): 849-862

Kreuzinger-Janik B, Schroeder F, Majdi N, Traunspurger W (2015) Depth-Related Effects on a Meiofaunal Community Dwelling in the Periphyton of a Mesotrophic Lake. Archambault P, ed. PLoS ONE 10(9):e0137793

Kulshrestha SK, Adholia UN, Bhatnagar A, Khan AA, Saxena M, Baghail M (1989) Studies on pollution in River Kshipra: Zooplanktons in relation to water quality. Int J Ecol Environ Sci 15:27-36

Kumawat DM, Sharma MK (2015) Quality Status Study of river Kshipra at Ujjain before its linkage with Narmada water. J Global Biosci 4 (2): 1508-1516

Kushwaha B, Pandey S, Sharma S, Srivastava R, Kumar R, Nagpure NS, Dabas A, Srivastava SK (2012) In situ assessment of genotoxic and mutagenic potential of polluted river water in Channa punctatus and Mystus vittatus. Inter Aquat Res 4:1-16

Nagpure NS, Srivastava R, Kumar R, Dabas A, Kushwaha B, Kumar P (2015) Assessment of pollution of river Ganges by tannery effluents using genotoxicity biomarkers in murrel fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch). Indian J Exp Biol 53(7):476-83

Pahwa DV, Malhotra SN (1966) Observation in fluctuations in the abundance of plankton in relation to certain hydrological conditions of river Ganga. Proc Nat Acad Sci India 36(2):157-189

Philips EJ (2002) Algae and Eutrophication. In: Bitton, G. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology. John Wiley and Sons, New York

Plamar MC (1969) A composite rating of Algae tolerating organic pollution. J Phycol 5: 78-82

Prescott GW (1954) The Fresh water algae, Brown Company publishers, Debuque, Lowa, 1-348 p

Rajagopal T, Thangamani A, Archunan G (2010) Comparison of physico-chemical parameters and phytoplankton species diversity of two perennial ponds in Sattur area, Tamil Nadu. J Environ Bio 31(5) 787-794

Rao CB (1955) On the distribution of algae in a group of six small ponds. Algae productivity J. E. col., 43:293-308

Schabhüttl S, Hingsamer P, Weigelhofer G, Hein T, Weigert A, Striebel M (2013) Temperature and species richness effects in phytoplankton communities. Oecologia 171(2):527-536

Singh LD, Swamy NE, Swamy BK , Rao BD (2014) Freshwater algae of Laknavaram Lake from Warangal District, Telengana State, India. J Algal Biomass Utln 5 (4): 37-43

Susharma S, Radhakrishnan T, Bijukumar A (2005) Distribution of plankton in Nile river. J Inland Fish Soc India 37(2):75-79

Sharma KK, Sharma R, Langer S, Bangotra K (2013) Phytoplankton as a tool of biomonitoring of Behol Nullah, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Int Res J Env Sci 2(6):54-60

Shrivastava S, Shukla AN, Rao KS (2003) Biodiversity of Udasa Wetland Ujjain (India) with special reference to its conservation. J Exp Zool India 6(1): 125-135

Susma S, Radhakrishnan T, Bijukumar A (2005) Distribution of plankton in Nila River. J Inland Fish Society, India, 37(2) 75-79

Vasisht HS, Jindal R (1980) Theological survey of a puccka stream of Patiala (Punjab, India). Limnologica (Berlin) 12(1):77-83

Venter A, Barnad S, Dickinson MA, Vurren V, Janse LA, Taylor JC (2013) Planktonic algae and Cyanoprokaryotes as indicators of ecosystem quality in the Moat river system in the north-west province, South Africa. Water SA 39(5): 707-720

Yang X, Wu X, Hao H, He Z (2008) Mechanisms and assessment of water eutrophication. J Zhejiang University Science B 9(3):197-209


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Bhasin et al.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Online ISSN : 2455-5266

© Copyrights 2016. Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine. All Rights Reserved.