The “Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine” (JBSM) is an international open access journal published quarterly in English with the finest peer-reviewed research of international significance. The aim of Journal of Biological Sciences and Medicine is to publish rapid and peer reviewed original research articles, scientific reports, review and mini-reviews in the developing and interdisciplinary field of biological, environmental and medical sciences. We welcome original research papers covering all aspects of modern biology for publication in our journal. Aspiring young scientists, medical professionals and researchers especially in the field of biology, biomedicine, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, forestry, biotechnology etc., are wholeheartedly encouraged to submit their valuable contributions.