Perspectives of medicinal plants and their role in the life of rural community in Uttarakhand, India
Rural communities of Uttarakhand possess traditional knowledge of medicinal plants and remedies that needs to be conserved. A green consumerism is getting popular globally which is bringing up greater scopes and opportunities of the medicinal plant cultivation to the farmers. In this survey, it was found that in spite of various policies, researches and public participation programs there were no significant achievements at the ground level. Rural communities are still at large unaware and neutral towards medicinal plant-based activities. Capacity building of the local rural comminutes can be very effective and fruitful in many ways. Cultivation of the medicinal plants by farmers using scientific approach and proper market management can be of multilevel benefits such as enhanced income of farmers and women empowerment while checking the biodiversity loss. Moreover, traditional health care system along with other traditional values can also be conserved in the hills while curbing the migration of new generation.
Badola HK (2001) Medicinal plant diversity of H.P. Himalayan medicinal plants: potential and prospects. Himavikas occasional publication no. 14. Nainital: Gyanodaya Prakashan.
Census Population (2011) 15th National Census Survey. Census Organization, Government of India.
Chowdhery HJ and Wadhwa BM (1984) Flora of Himachal Pradesh (Vol. 1-3). Botanical Survey of India, Howrah, Calcutta.
Dhar U, Rawal RS, Samant SS (1997) Structural diversity and representativeness of forest vegetation in a protected area of Kumaun Himalaya, India: implications for conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation 6(8):1045-1062
Gokhale Y, Negi AK (2011) Community-based Biodiversity Conservation in the Himalayas. The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi.
Gupta R (1964) Survey record of medicinal and aromatic plants of Chamba forest division of H.P. The Indian Forester 90:454-468
Gupta, R (1971) Medicinal and aromatic plants of Bhadal ranges, Chura forest division, Chamba district of H.P. J. Bomb. Nat Hist Soc 68:791-803
Heinen JT, Acharya RS (2011) The Non- Timber Forest Products Sector in Nepal: Emerging Policy Issues in Plant Conservation and Utilization for Sustainable Development. J Sust Fore 30: 543-563
Holley J and Cherla K (1998) The medicinal plants sector in India. Medicinal and Aromatic plants program in Asia (MAPPA) IDRC. New Delhi: SARO, IDRC.
ISFR (2017) India State of Forest Report, 2017. Forest Survey of India, Dehradun, Government of India.
Jaiyati R, Rajdeo K, Ashish C, Archana S, Ruchi B (2016) A Survey to explore the herbal wealth and its utility as edibles, ethno-medicine and ethno-veterinary practices in Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (NDBR), Uttarakhand as a Step to Bio Prospection. Pharm Anal Acta 7:514
Kala CP (2007) Local preferences of ethnobotanical species in the Indian Himalaya: Implication for environmental conservation. Current Science 93:12-25
Kala CP, Silori CS (2013) Biodiversity, communities and climate change. The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi.
Kandari LS, Phondani PC, Payal KC, Rao KS, Maikhuri, RK (2012) Ethnobotanical study towards conservation of medicinal and aromatic plants in upper catchments of Dhauli Ganga in the Central Himalaya. J Mountain Science 9:286-296
Kareiva P, Tallis H, Ricketts TH, Daily GC, Polasky S (2011) Natural Capital, Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services, Oxford University Press Inc., New York pp:1-357
Khare CP (2010) Encyclopedia of Indian medicinal plants. Publisher: Springer Verlag. ISBN-10: 3540200339
Kloos S (2013) How Tibetan Medicine in Exile Became a “Medical System”. East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal 7:381-395
Kumar A, Mitra M, Adhikari BS, Rawat GS (2016) Flora of Niti valley: A cold arid region of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Western Himalaya, India. Check List: The J Biodi Data. 12(1): 1824
Kuniyal CP, Bisht VK, Negi JS, Bhatt VP, Bisht DS, Butola JS, Sundriyal RC, Singh SK (2015) Progress and prospect in the integrated development of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) sector in Uttarakhand, western Himalaya. Environment, Development and Sustainability, Springer 17:1141-1162
Lambert J, Srivastava J, Vietmeyer N (1997) Medicinal plants, In Rescuing a global heritage, vol. 355. Washington DC: World Bank Technical Paper
Lange D (1997) Trade figure for botanical world-wide. Med. Plant cons 3:16-17
Maikhuri RK, Nautiyal S, Rao KS, Saxena, KG (1998) Role of medicinal plants in the traditional health care system: a case study from Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. Current Science 75:152-157
Maikhuri RK, Rao KS, Chauhan K, Kandari LS, Prasad P, Rajasekharan C (2003) Development of marketing of medicinal plants and other forest products: can it be a path way for effective management and conservation? Indian Forester 129:169-178
Maikhuri, RK, Rao KS, Semwal RL (2001) Changing scenario of Himalayan agro-ecosystems: loss of agrobiodiversity, an indicator of environmental change in Central Himalaya. The Environmentalist 21:23-39
Nautiyal MC, Nautiyal BP (2004) Agro-techniques for high altitude medicinal and aromatic plants. Pub: Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, International Book Distributors. Dehradun, India
Nayar MP, Sastry ARK (1987-1990) Red data book of Indian Plants, Vols. 1-3, Botantical Survey of India, Kolkata
Pal DC (2000) Ethnobotany in India. In: Flora of India. Introductory volume -Part II. (Eds. Singh NP, Singh DK, Hajra PK and Sharma BD) Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, India. 303–320
Palni LMS, Maikhuri RK, Rao KS (1998) Conservation of the Himalayan agroecosystems: Issues and priorities. In: Eco-regional cooperation for Biodiversity Conservation in the Himalaya. UNDP, New York. 253-290
Phondani PC, Maikhuri RK, Bisht NS (2013) Endorsement of ethnomedicinal knowledge towards conservation in the context of changing socio-economic and cultural values of traditional communities around Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttarakhand, India. J Agri Environ Ethics 26: 573-600
Phondani PC, Maikhuri RK, Saxena KG (2014) The efficacy of herbal system of medicine in the context of allopathic system in Indian Central Himalaya. J Herbal Medicine 4:147-158
Phondani PC, Negi VS, Bhatt ID, Negi VS, Kothyari BP, Bhatt A, Maikhuri RK (2011) Promotion of medicinal and aromatic plants cultivation for improving livelihood security: a case study from West Himalaya, India. Int J Med Aromatic Plants 1:245-252
Prakash R (2015) Medicinal plants used by tribal communities: A study of Uttarakhand Himalayan region. Int J of Humanities and Social Science Invention 4:2, 55-61. ISSN: 2319–7722
Rai M, Acharya D, Rios JL (2011) Ethnomedicinal plants: Revitalizing of traditional knowledge of herbs. Science Publishers, CRC Press.
Rajasekharan PE, Ganeshan S (2002) Conservation of medicinal plant biodiversity in Indian perspective. J Med Aromatic Plant Sciences 24:1 132-147
RanaMan S, Samant, SS (2011) Diversity, indigenous uses and conservation status of medicinal plants in Manali Wildlife Sanctuary, North Western Himalayas. Ind Jr Traditional Knowledge. 10:439-459
Rashid A, Tunon H, Khan NA, Mukul SA (2014) Commercial cultivation by farmers of medicinal plants in Northern Bangladesh. E J Envi Sci 4:60-68
Samal PK, Shah A, Tiwari SC, Agrawal DK (2004) Indigenous health care practices and their linkages with bio-resource conservation and socio-economic development in central Himalayan region of India. Ind Jour Traditional Knowledge. 3:12–26
Samant SS, Dhar U, Palni LMS (1998) Medicinal plants of Indian Himalaya: diversity, distribution and potential values. Himvikas publication no. 13. Nanital: Gyanodaya Prakashan.
Samant SS, Vidyarthi S, Pant S, Sharma P, Marpa S, Sharma P (2011) Diversity, Distribution, Indigenous Uses and conservation of the medicinal plants of Indian Himalayan Region used in Cancer. J Biodiv 2:2 117-125
Sancheti, IC, Basu SK (2007) Encyclopedia of Himalayan medicinal flora. Horticulture Development Foundation, Agri-Horticultural Society of India, Calcutta, India.
Sarin YK (2003) Medicinal plant raw materials for Indian drug and pharmaceutical industry. I. An appraisal of resources. The Indian Forester 129:3-24
Schippmann U, Leaman DJ, Cunningham AB (2002) Impact of cultivation and gathering of medicinal plants on biodiversity: global trends and issues. In: Biodiversity and ecosystem approach in agriculture, forestry and fisheries. Satellite event on the occasion of the ninth regular session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. 12-13 October 2002. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Sen S, Chakraborty R, De B (2011) Challenges and opportunities in the advancement of herbal medicine: India’s position and role in a global context. J Herb Med 1:67-75
Shackleton CM, Pandey AK, Ticktin T (2015) Ecological sustainability for non-timber forest products. Dynamics and case studies of harvesting. Pub: Routledge. ISBN 9780415728591
Shanker D, Majumdar B (1995) Non-wood forest products series no. 11. Medicinal plants for conservation and health care. Rome: FAO
Srivastava SK, Singh DK (2005) Glimpses of plant wealth of Uttarakhand. Pub: Bishan Singh, Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun.
Uniyal MR and Chauhan NS (1971). Medicinal plants of Uhal valley in Kangra Forest Division, H.P. Jr. Res. Ind. Med 6:287-299
Vaidya ADB, Devasagayam TPA (2007) Current Status of Herbal Drugs in India: An Overview. J Clin Biochem Nutr 41(1):1-11
Copyright (c) 2018 Singh et al.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).