Pharmacognostical and pharmacological profiling of Barleria prionitis Linn.
Global demand for herbal medicines is increasing rapidly because of their higher safety margin and low cost. Barleria prionitis Linn. (Family Acanthaceae) is a well-known perennial, Ayurvedic herb distributed in tropical Asia, Africa. Several studies reveal that the whole plant or its specific parts (leaf, stem, root, bark, and flower) has been utilized for the treatment of a toothache, catarrhal affections, whooping cough, inflammations, glandular swellings, urinary infection, jaundice, fever, gastrointestinal disorders and as diuretic and tonic. Many phytochemical constituents like balarenone, pipataline, barlerinoside, verbascoside, methyl ester, prionisides, acetylbarlerin, lupulinoside, shanzhiside, scutellarein have been isolated from the different parts of this plant, it is still underutilized as an established medicinal plant because its huge potentials are still uncovered. However, significant presence of several new secondary metabolites strengthen the demand for further research based on its phytotherapeutical importance. Besides its numerous folk use, the present review also illustrates its phytochemical profile as well as pharmacological augmentation which will be helpful for future researchers.
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