Impact of smokeless tobacco use on pregnant Indian women
Smokeless tobacco is a product consisting of tobacco or a tobacco blend that is used other than smoking. In Maharashtra the pattern of tobacco use is slightly different where smokeless tobacco is preferred over smoking. In the present study is focused to understand the impact of smokeless tobacco use on pregnant Indian women and assess adverse effects on feto-maternal outcome. The study is a hospital based case control study with sample size 591. Women who reside in Chawl type of resident, lower education level, homemaker/housewife, lesser family income and Marathi mother tongue are significantly associated with tobacco use and have prevalence of anaemia 77.32% among the pregnant women. The women who are tobacco users have 2 times higher risk of having anaemia as compared to tobacco non user women, (OR: 2.193, CI: 1.240 – 3.877), (p = 0.007). Women who delivered in the government hospital have 3 times higher chance of having anaemia as compared to the private hospital (OR: 3.268, CI: 1.889 – 5.652), (p = 0.000**). The illiterate have 9 times higher risk of having anaemia (OR: 9.545, CI: 2.191 – 41.592), (p = 0.003*) compared to post graduate.
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