Association of respiratory health of women and housing pattern: a comparative study of two tribes of Maharashtra
Almost 1.6 million people die every year due to indoor air pollution that means 1 death occurs per second. In India, this is a least focused and discussed area in rural settings and perhaps never studied in tribal population. Overall, 8% of Indian population comprises of tribes. The present study was carried out to show that association of respiratory health and indoor air pollution among tribal women belongs to two different tribal groups residing in interior locations of Maharashtra, India. A longitudinal study was conducted among Bhill (n = 46) and Mahadev Koli (n = 60) women, during rain and summer. Non probability purposive sampling was used to select the sample. Interview schedules for respiratory health and housing pattern were collected from women on respiratory health. Independent sample t- test shows significant difference in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) post figures (P value = 0.02) during both the seasons. More obstruction is observed among Mahadev Koli women (60.78%). We conclude that, rudimentary traditional housing pattern in combination of modern infrastructure invasion plays important role in respiratory health of selected tribes. Prolonged wheezing and associated headache indicates presence of smaller air way obstruction and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD). Construction type, material used to build a house and seasonal differences in both the locations are significant factor for obstruction.
Chouhan HA, Parthasarathy D, Pattanaik S (2017) Urban development, environmental vulnerability and CRZ violations in India: impacts on fishing communities and sustainability implications in Mumbai coast. Environment, Development and Sustainability. 1;19 (3):971-85
Ghurye GS (1963) The Mahadev Kolis. Popular Prakashan: Bombay
Hegde RR, Phadtare JM, Ramraje NN (2013) “Study of Smoking Index, Spirometry and Severity of Chronic Lung Disease.” Indian Journal of Basic & Applied Medical Research 8 (2):1043–1046
Jain Y, Kataria R, Patil S, Kadam S, Kataria A, Jain R, Shinde S (2015) Burden & pattern of illnesses among the tribal communities in central India : a report from a community health programme. The Indian Journal of Medical Research, 141(5): 663–672
Kant S and Gupta B (2008) Role of lifestyle in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A review. Lung India. 95-101
Kilabuko, James H, Hidieki Matsuki, Satoshi Nakai (2007) “Air Quality and Acute Respiratory Illness in Biomass Fuel Using Homes in Bagamoyo, Tanzania.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 4 (1): 39–44
Kumar P, Ram U (2017) Patterns, factor associated and morbidity burden of asthma in India. PLoS ONE 12(10): e 0185938
Mukherjee BM (2004) Contributions of Anthropology in Central India. Studies of Tribes and Tribals 2(1): 15-18
Nath YVS (1960) The Bhils of Ratanmals. http://www.epw.in/system/files/pdf/1954_6/49/the_bhils_of_ratanmalslineage_and_local_community.pdf
Ranade S (2008) The Kolis of Mumbai at Crossroads: Religion, Business and Urbanisation in Cosmopolitan Bombay Today. In 17th Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association of Australia, Melbourne pp. 1-3
Rumchev K, Zhao Y, Spichett J (2017) Health risk assessment of indoor air quality scocio economic and house characteristics on respiratory health among women and children of Tirupur South India. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public health 14:429
Smith KR (2000) “National Burden of Disease in India from Indoor Air Pollution.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97 (24):13286–13293
Venkataramani C (2017) Identification, 12 materiality and housing transformations in Mumbai. Trends and Issues in Housing in Asia: Coming of an Age, p.278
Wen G, Sanderson W, Browning S, Mannino D (2017) Different types of housing and respiratory health outcomes. Elsevier Inc. Preventive Medicine reports 124-129
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).