Association of respiratory health of women and housing pattern: a comparative study of two tribes of Maharashtra
Almost 1.6 million people die every year due to indoor air pollution that means 1 death occurs per second. In India, this is a least focused and discussed area in rural settings and perhaps never studied in tribal population. Overall, 8% of Indian population comprises of tribes. The present study was carried out to show that association of respiratory health and indoor air pollution among tribal women belongs to two different tribal groups residing in interior locations of Maharashtra, India. A longitudinal study was conducted among Bhill (n = 46) and Mahadev Koli (n = 60) women, during rain and summer. Non probability purposive sampling was used to select the sample. Interview schedules for respiratory health and housing pattern were collected from women on respiratory health. Independent sample t- test shows significant difference in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) post figures (P value = 0.02) during both the seasons. More obstruction is observed among Mahadev Koli women (60.78%). We conclude that, rudimentary traditional housing pattern in combination of modern infrastructure invasion plays important role in respiratory health of selected tribes. Prolonged wheezing and associated headache indicates presence of smaller air way obstruction and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD). Construction type, material used to build a house and seasonal differences in both the locations are significant factor for obstruction.
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